Author Topic: Malleus Maleficarum  (Read 1086 times)

Offline Christine

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Malleus Maleficarum
« on: July 08, 2007, 04:00:32 PM »
The Malleus Maleficarum (The Witch Hammer), first published in 1486, is arguably one of the most infamous books ever written, due primarily to its position and regard during the Middle Ages. It served as a guidebook for Inquisitors during the Inquisition, and was designed to aid them in the identification, prosecution, and dispatching of Witches. It set forth, as well, many of the modern misconceptions and fears concerning witches and the influence of witchcraft. The questions, definitions, and accusations it set forth in regard to witches, which were reinforced by its use during the Inquisition, came to be widely regarded as irrefutable truth. Those beliefs are held even today by a majority of Christians in regard to practitioners of the modern “revived” religion of Witchcraft, or Wicca. And while the Malleus itself is largely unknown in modern times, its effects have proved long lasting.

At the time of the writing of The Malleus Maleficarum, there were many voices within the Christian community (scholars and theologians) who doubted the existence of witches and largely regarded such belief as mere superstition. The authors of the Malleus addressed those voices in no uncertain terms, stating: “Whether the Belief that there are such Beings as Witches is so Essential a Part of the Catholic Faith that Obstinacy to maintain the Opposite Opinion manifestly savours of Heresy.” The immediate, and lasting, popularity of the Malleus essentially silenced those voices. It made very real the threat of one being branded a heretic, simply by virtue of one's questioning of the existence of witches and, thus, the validity of the Inquisition. It set into the general Christian consciousness, for all time, a belief in the existence of witches as a real and valid threat to the Christian world. It is a belief which is held to this day.

It must be noted that during the Inquisition, few, if any, real, verifiable, witches were ever discovered or tried. Often the very accusation was enough to see one branded a witch, tried by the Inquisitors' Court, and burned alive at the stake. Estimates of the death toll during the Inquisition worldwide range from 600,000 to as high as 9,000,000 (over its 250 year long course); either is a chilling number when one realizes that nearly all of the accused were women, and consisted primarily of outcasts and other suspicious persons. Old women. Midwives. Jews. Poets. Gypsies. Anyone who did not fit within the contemporary view of pieous Christians were suspect, and easily branded "Witch". Usually to devastating effect.

It must also be noted that the crime of Witchcraft was not the only crime of which one could be accused during the Inquisition. By questioning any part of Catholic belief, one could be branded a heretic. Scientists were branded heretics by virtue of repudiating certain tenets of Christian belief (most notably Galileo, whose theories on the nature of planets and gravitational fields was initially branded heretical). Writers who challenged the Church were arrested for heresy (sometimes formerly accepted writers whose works had become unpopular). Anyone who questioned the validity of any part of Catholic belief did so at their own risk. The Malleus Maleficarum played an important role in bringing such Canonical law into being, as often the charge of heresy carried along with it suspicions of witchcraft.

It must be remembered that the Malleus is a work of its time. Science had only just begun to make any real advances. At that time nearly any unexplainable illness or malady would often be attributed to magic, and thus the activity of witches. It was a way for ordinary people to make sense of the world around them. The Malleus drew upon those beliefs, and, by its very existence, reinforced them and brought them into the codified belief system of the Catholic Church. In many ways, it could be said that it helped to validate the Inquisition itself.

While the Malleus itself cannot be blamed for the Inquisition or the horrors inflicted upon mankind by the Inquisitors, it certainly played an important role. Thus has it been said that The Malleus Maleficarum is one of the most blood-soaked works in human history, in that its very existence reinforced and validated Catholic beliefs which led to the prosecution, torture, and murder, of tens of thousands of innocent people.

The lasting effect of the Malleus upon the world can only be measured in the lives of the hundreds of thousands of men, women, and even children, who suffered, and died, at the hands of the Inquisitors during the Inquisition. At the height of its popularity, The Malleus Maleficarum was surpassed in public notoriety only by The Bible. Its effects were even felt in the New World, where the last gasp of the Inquisition was felt in the English settlements in America (most notably in Salem, Massachusetts during the Salem Witch Trials).

It is beyond the scope of this article to adequately examine the role of the Malleus in world history, or its lasting effects. At the very least, The Malleus Maleficarum (The Witch Hammer) offers to us an intriguing glimpse into the Medieval mind, and perhaps gives us a taste of what it might have been like to have lived in those times.

- Wicasta Lovelace

Download the Malleus Maleficarum
http://www.malleusmaleficarum.org/downloads/index.html

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Offline GaryTheDemon

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Re: Malleus Maleficarum
« Reply #1 on: July 08, 2007, 06:21:09 PM »
note the presence of the all significant "male" in the name.

also the phonetic "fic" i.e. thick

and arum which is latin for "out purging of refuse"

and malleus which is of course golden.

i.e. over valued stupid man is an ass.

(with some poetic licence!)
:)

ps. apologees to any actual *ss holes who are offended with being compared to human beings .....

If you cannot love, then at least don't hate.
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Offline Christine

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Re: Malleus Maleficarum
« Reply #2 on: July 08, 2007, 06:23:35 PM »
Yes Gary I had not overlooked that either... I love your interpretation of the name....lmao

Have you read any of the document? It is astoundingly sexist.... What a shock! Produced by the Catholics and all......hahahahaa Who would have thought!?
If it looks like a duck, and quacks like a duck, we have at least to consider the possibility that we have a small aquatic bird of the family anatidae on our hands.
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Offline GaryTheDemon

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Re: Malleus Maleficarum
« Reply #3 on: July 08, 2007, 06:33:57 PM »
people would do well to remember that before they go completely ape over some more modern (alleged) muslim views. 

Stupidy is not confined to any particular religious group.

(i'm sure there was a group somewhere that worshiped chocolate - now THEM I want to meet!)

If you cannot love, then at least don't hate.
If you cannot help, then at least don't hurt.



Offline catseyes

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Re: Malleus Maleficarum
« Reply #4 on: July 08, 2007, 06:35:39 PM »
Quote from: GaryTheDemon link=topic=3410.msg50046#msg50046 date=118388003

(i'm sure there was a group somewhere that worshiped chocolate - now THEM I want to meet!)

[/quote

Join me on the dark side......club...or rum and raisin?


Offline GaryTheDemon

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Re: Malleus Maleficarum
« Reply #5 on: July 08, 2007, 06:38:30 PM »
definately rum'n'raisin.

ps. still not got the hang of those quotes have you!  lol then roflmao then pml..... :)

(sorry!)

If you cannot love, then at least don't hate.
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Offline catseyes

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Re: Malleus Maleficarum
« Reply #6 on: July 08, 2007, 06:49:25 PM »
Friggen things! LMAO!!!  They hate me......I am cursed I tells yu!


Offline mistress_storm

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Re: Malleus Maleficarum
« Reply #7 on: September 08, 2007, 12:36:36 PM »
i think ive seen recent publications of the witches hammer. am wondering, is it worth investing in?
It is easier for a man to destroy the Light inside himself than to defeat the darkness all around him.

Offline Christine

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Re: Malleus Maleficarum
« Reply #8 on: September 08, 2007, 03:31:36 PM »
I haven't seen them sorry.
If it looks like a duck, and quacks like a duck, we have at least to consider the possibility that we have a small aquatic bird of the family anatidae on our hands.
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Offline Sas

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Re: Malleus Maleficarum
« Reply #9 on: September 28, 2007, 12:48:16 AM »
why would you ? (just curious)
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Offline Whisper

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Re: Malleus Maleficarum
« Reply #10 on: September 28, 2007, 09:36:09 AM »
Reminds me of Blackadder
"Milk! BLOODY MILK!"
hehehehe

Offline mistress_storm

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Re: Malleus Maleficarum
« Reply #11 on: September 30, 2007, 09:40:23 PM »
why not? i was taught from the start to read everything, bit of a historical read dont ya think?
It is easier for a man to destroy the Light inside himself than to defeat the darkness all around him.

 


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